Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss.
The CDC/ATSDR Social Vulnerability Index (CDC/ATSDR SVI) uses 15 U.S. census variables to help local officials identify communities that may need support before, during, or after disasters.
Public Health Adaptation Planning—A process to identify and assess the health risks from likely climate changes, and the vulnerability of people and places that are likely to be affected; to develop adaptation goals and actions to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience; and to establish a plan to implement and monitor success of adaptation actions.